Papers published in this journal will be considered retraction from publication if:

  1. They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of errors (e.g. data generation) or honest errors (e.g. computational errors or experimental errors)
  2. Findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-reference, permission or justification (i.e. a case of over-publication)
  3. It is plagiarism
  4. It reports unethical research

The retraction mechanism follows the Retraction Guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which can be accessed at