Papers published in this journal will be considered retraction from publication if:
- They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of errors (e.g. data generation) or honest errors (e.g. computational errors or experimental errors)
- Findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-reference, permission or justification (i.e. a case of over-publication)
- It is plagiarism
- It reports unethical research
The retraction mechanism follows the Retraction Guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which can be accessed at https://publicationethics.org/files/retraction%20guidelines.pdf.